On May 20, 2019, we were the first to report about Huawei’s own operating system – Hongmeng. After a round of rumors and news, Huawei finally unveiled Harmony OS AKA HongMeng OS at Huawei Developer Conference 2019.
On September 10, 2020, Huawei unveiled HarmonyOS 2.0 at Huawei Developer Conference 2020 (HDC 2020) with added new distributed capabilities, including software bus, data management, and security. Huawei also introduced an adaptive UX framework that allows developers to quickly reach tens of millions of new devices and users.
On June 2, 2021, Huawei began a brand new chapter of HarmonyOS with version 2.0 with a tagline of “One as All, All as One”. Simultaneously, Huawei announced the beta testing along with the general rollout for various Huawei devices in the shape of a huge upgrade roadmap.
According to Huawei, HarmonyOS will become an important aspect of Huawei’s ecosystem and gradually make its way to most of its devices over the course of the next few years.
What is HarmonyOS?
HarmonyOS (HongMeng OS) is a new microkernel-based, distributed operating system designed to deliver a new user experience across all devices and scenarios.
“We’re entering a day and age where people expect a holistic intelligent experience across all devices and scenarios. To support this, we felt it was important to have an operating system with improved cross-platform capabilities. We needed an OS that supports all scenarios, that can be used across a broad range of devices and platforms, and that can meet consumer demand for low latency and strong security.” said Richard Yu, CEO of Huawei’s Consumer Business Group.
“HarmonyOS is completely different from Android and iOS. It is a microkernel-based, distributed OS that delivers a smooth experience across all scenarios. It has a trustworthy and secure architecture, and it supports seamless collaboration across devices. You can develop your apps once, then flexibly deploy them across a range of different devices.” Richard added.
HarmonyOS is based on the four technical features described below:
1. Seamless Experience:
By adopting distributed architecture and distributed virtual bus technology, HarmonyOS offers a shared communications platform, distributed data management, distributed task scheduling, and virtual peripherals. With HarmonyOS, app developers won’t have to deal with the underlying technology for distributed apps, allowing them to focus on their own individual service logic.
Developing distributed apps will be easier than ever before. Apps built on HarmonyOS can run on different devices while delivering a seamless, collaborative experience across all scenarios.
2. Smooth Performance:
HarmonyOS will address underperformance challenges with a Deterministic Latency Engine and high-performance Inter-Process Communication (IPC).
The Deterministic Latency Engine sets task execution priorities and time limits for scheduling in advance. Resources will gravitate toward tasks with higher priorities, reducing the response latency of apps by 25.7%. The microkernel can make IPC performance up to five times more efficient than existing systems.
3. More Secure:
HarmonyOS uses a brand-new microkernel design that features enhanced security and low latency. This microkernel was designed to simplify kernel functions, implement as many system services as possible in user mode outside the kernel, and add mutual security protection. The microkernel itself provides only the most basic services like thread scheduling and IPC.
Harmony OS’s microkernel design uses formal verification methods to reshape security and trustworthiness from the ground up in a Trusted Execution Environment (TEE).
Formal verification methods are an effective mathematical approach to validate system correctness from the source, while traditional verification methods, such as functional verification and attack simulation, are confined to limited scenarios. Formal methods, by contrast, can use data models to verify all software running paths.
HarmonyOS is the first OS to use formal verification in device TEE, significantly improving security. In addition, because the HarmonyOS microkernel has much less code (roughly one-thousandth the amount of the Linux kernel), the probability of an attack is greatly reduced.
4. All in One:
Powered by a multi-device IDE, multi-language unified compilation, and a distributed architecture kit, HarmonyOS can automatically adapt to different screen layout controls and interactions, and support both drag-and-drop control and preview-oriented visual programming.
This allows developers to more efficiently build apps that run on multiple devices. With a multi-device IDE, developers can code their apps once and deploy them across multiple devices, creating a tightly integrated ecosystem across all user devices.
The Huawei ARK Compiler is the first static compiler that can perform on par with Android’s virtual machine, enabling developers to compile a broad range of advanced languages into machine code in a single, unified environment. By supporting unified compilation in multiple languages, the Huawei ARK Compiler will help developers greatly improve their productivity.
- New Home Screen
- Service Widgets
- Control Panel
- Service Center
- Smart Folder
- HarmonyOS Fonts
- Super Device
- Huawei Share
- Smart Home
- Task Center
- Better Performance
- App Guard
- Collaborative Security
Development Plan and Ecosystem: (Announced on August 10, 2019)
HarmonyOS 1.0 will be first adopted in its smart screen products, which are due to launch later this year. Over the next three years, HarmonyOS will be optimized and gradually adopted across a broader range of smart devices, including wearables, Huawei Vision, and head units for your car.
- HongmengOS 1.0 – 2019 (for TVs)
- HongmengOS 2.0 – 2020 (for PCs, SmartWatch/Bands, In-Vehicle Systems)
- HongmengOS 3.0 – 2021 (for Smart Speakers and Headphones)
- HongmengOS 4.0 – 2022 (for VR Glasses and more)
Huawei has planned to release HarmonyOS as an open-source platform, worldwide. Huawei will also establish an open-source foundation and an open-source community to support more in-depth collaboration with developers.
Huawei will open up and share its core capabilities in areas like connectivity, cameras, and AI. It will work closely with ecosystem partners to deliver apps and services that provide consumers top experience.
Changes in HarmonyOS 2.0:
HarmonyOS 2.0 is officially open-source and developers will be able to gain access to emulators, SDK packages, and IDE tools.
The open-source project – OpenHarmony, which is donated to OpenAtom Foundation, is released and Huawei has started to collaborate with developers and industry partners to grow contribution to the development of HarmonyOS as open-source software.
HarmonyOS 2.0 open roadmap and it’ll support the type of memory devices:
- From September 10, 2020 – Device with 128KB to 128MB RAM (including IoT devices such as smart TVs, wearables, cars, and more)
- From April 21, 2021 – Device with 128MB to 4GB RAM
- From October 2021 – Device with over 4GB RAM
HarmonyOS 2.0 Beta release developers:
Huawei has pushed a number of new software versions for the HarmonyOS beta testings and the company keeps testing new software patches to solve the bugs and issues with internal functionalities of the software.
HarmonyOS Phone launch:
According to Richard Yu, Huawei’s Consumer Business Group (CBG) CEO, Huawei will launch the first HarmonyOS smartphone in 2021.
Wang Chenglu, President of the Software Department, Huawei Consumer Business Group (BG) said: Users who’ll upgrade to EMUI 11 will get a HarmonyOS update “as soon as possible”. Users will also have the option to purchase new HarmonyOS devices by next year (2021).
HarmonyOS 2.0 Developments:
On December 16, 2020, Huawei announced the mobile beta version of the HarmonyOS 2.0 for developers and on the same day, Huawei also opened HarmonyOS 2.0 test recruitment for the Huawei P40, Mate 30, and MatePad Pro devices in China.
Initial hand-on of the beta suggests that Huawei has made big changes in the base architecture of the HarmonyOS and made it the base of the EMUI 11 user interface to test its features.
However, a Huawei insider revealed that the company will make changes in the user interface with the stable rollout of HarmonyOS 2.0 for mobile devices.
Up until now, Huawei has held three rounds of developer beta recruitments, the recent one (second phase) includes Huawei Nova 6, Nova 7, and Nova 8 devices.
On June 2, Huawei announced the public release of HarmonyOS for flagship devices – Huawei Mate 40, Mate 30, P40, and MatePad Pro devices. Alongside the public beta, the company also opened HarmonyOS 2.0 closed beta for 28 other devices.
Meanwhile, the Chinese tech company is also conducting HarmonyOS 2 beta testing on different Honor devices including Honor 30, Honor V30, 20, and View20. However, more devices will join the beta program later on such as P20 and Mate 10.
Huawei has completed the installation of HarmonyOS 2 in Huawei Mate 40, Mate 30, Mate 20, P40, P30, P20 series, Nova 6, Nova 7, Nova 8 series, and more. However, there are more devices that will launch for more old devices.
- As of July 8th, Huawei officially announced to upgrade over 30 million devices with HarmonySO 2 operating system. However, the number of installations will continue to grow and it’ll reach more beta as well as regular users in the coming months.
- July 29, Huawei announced 40 million installation
- August 10, Huawei confirmed 50 million installation
- August 30, 70 million mark achieved
- September 1, 90 million installations
- September 13, HarmonyOS 100 million
- September 23, 120 million with 1 million users upgrading over this new operating every day
No announcement for global users:
Currently, Huawei has not announced any roadmap for the global users, which is quite a disappointment for the Huawei smartphone users in the global market.
Huawei aims to install HarmonyOS in over 300-400 million devices in 2021:
On December 16, 2020, Huawei also shared its plan to install HarmonyOS in over 300 million smart devices in 2021, and to complete this aim, the Chinese tech giant has partnered with various industry partners to include HarmonyOS on their respective devices.
HarmonyOS Launch Date Smartphones:
On June 2, Huawei officially launched HarmonyOS for smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, IoT devices, third-party consumer products, and more.
Previously, Richard Yu, CEO of Huawei Consumer Business announced that the company will launch HarmonyOS in April this year. As the company will also start upgrading its old devices and Huawei Mate X2 is also confirmed for the first batch.
- On June 2, 2021, Huawei launched the Huawei Watch 3 and MatePad Pro with pre-installed HarmonyOS and a bunch of other previous flagships including Mate X2, Mate 40 with HarmonyOS pre-equipped.
- Huawei P50 series becomes the first flagship phone to launch with the pre-install HarmonyOS operating system.
- Huawei Nova 9 and Nova 9 Pro were the second new Huawei phones that comes with pre-installed HarmonyOS out of the box.
Over 100 devices will receive HarmonyOS:
On June 2, Huawei announced that it’ll install HarmonyOS in over 100 Huawei and Honor smartphones. This is a big plan and the company will upgrade almost every capable smartphone that can run HarmonyOS.
Fast Upgrades: For your information, Huawei has already completed over 50 percent of the HarmonyOS upgrade plan in China.
HarmonyOS Story Timeline (Past from the beginning):
New information revealed that Huawei’s OS is based on Linux and Hongmeng name is related to Chinese mythology. That fits in the lineup of names like processor series “Kirin” which is also derived from the name of a mythical chimerical creature ‘Qilin’.
Also, This OS will be used as a universal operating system for multiple platforms including smartphones and notebooks.
Apart from an operating system, there’s always a need for an application ecosystem that is tagged with several problems including compatibility and bugs, please read the full article here where we’ve highlighted Huawei’s main issues in the development of applications to support this new OS.
According to Huawei’s consumer business CEO Yu Chengdong, Huawei’s first-ever self-developed operating system will soon be launched this fall at the earliest and no later than spring next year. Interestingly, the new Huawei OS will be compatible with all Huawei phones, tablets, TV, and wearable devices.
He also revealed that Huawei’s OS is also compatible with all Android applications and all web applications.
Huawei’s CEO again confirmed the launch date to CNBC, that Huawei’s operating system could be ready by the fourth quarter of this year and a version for the global market in the first or the second quarter of 2020.
This sentence has also grown possibilities that the company may come up with a different name for the global market but not confirmed by the official at that time.
He also said the operating system will support all android apps and come with its “App Gallery” as a default app store.
However, the Huawei executive stressed that the company will only launch its operating system if it will receive a permanent ban from using Google or Microsoft products.
Huawei has registered trademarked for “Huawei Hongmeng” from China’s Trademark Office of national intellectual property administration with an application submission date of Aug 24, 2018, which was publically announced on May 14, 2019, and the duration of this registration is valid from May 14, 2019, to May 13, 2029.
The application is registered under multiple categories, including – Operating System Program, Computer Operating Program, Computer Operating Software. All of these categories confirm that “Hongmeng” is the name of Huawei’s operating system.
Moreover, the categories also include – smartphones, tablets, laptops, and more, showing that the company has prepared it for all its devices ecosystem, which we’ve also reported about.
If you are interested in checking the trademark application details please visit the original article here.
Huawei has registered the “Huawei ARK OS” trademark at EUIPO, on May 24, 2019, and submitted in the same categories including Operating System.
It looks like we could have a global name for the “Hongmeng OS”. The Huawei ARK OS could be the name of the upcoming Huawei OS, which will work on all the devices globally, except China.
There are fake reports that said Huawei’s self-developed operating system will be 60% faster compared to Android OS and will also support IOS apps.
As of now, according to our information, we want to confirm that there are no such statements made by any Huawei executive or official regarding these subjects.
Check more details in a dedicated article here.
A report revealed that Huawei has allegedly shipped 1 million smartphones with the software onboard for testing, and with the compatibility to run all Android applications.
Rosenblatt Securities revealed in a smartphone supply chain report that Huawei has allegedly shipped 1 million smartphones with the software on board for testing, with the software also said to be compatible with all Android applications and has “increased security functions to protect personal data.”
Google believes that the Chinese company can not provide the level of security it has for the Android OS. A Huawei-modified version of Android OS would be more susceptible to being hacked.
Huawei could launch a new self-made OS in Q3 2019. The name could be “Hongmeng OS” in China and will be known as “Ark OS” globally,
we’ve confirmed that Huawei has filed the “HongMeng” trademark applications in almost every possible intellectual property organizations around the globe.
Huawei’s self-developed operating system identified as ‘HongMeng‘ is yet to unveil by the company but a well-known industry analyst says this OS will be coming in October featuring in low-end devices.
Andrew Williamson, vice president of Huawei’s public affairs and communications, said in an interview that the company will “presumably” trademark Hongmeng, which he said has likely been rolled out to a million devices in China.
Xiao Ran, Vice President of Huawei’s Strategy and Industry Development, said that Huawei Ark Compiler will be officially open source in August this year and also invited partners and applications to join its ecosystem and create apps based on Ark compiler.
In 2019 Nanjing Tech Week, Zhou Hongyi, Chairman and CEO of Internet security company Qihoo 360 Technology, delivered a speech, saying Huawei can develop Hongmeng operating system in an open-source platform, and similar to the Android OS, Hongmeng can easily be spread throughout China’s IT sector.
Huawei is inviting people to test its operating system on a new device (possibly Huawei Mate 30). The email also mentioned that the company is planning to release the operating system alongside Huawei Mate 30 series.
Frech ‘Le Point’ magazine posted an interview of Huawei Founder and CEO, Ren Zhengfei, who talked about the company’s business and issues with the U.S., as well as the company’s self-developed Operating System.
Founder Ren told in an interview published on French Magazine “Le Point”, compared to Apple and Google, we still lack a good application ecosystem. That will take a few years to be established at a high level with the help of developers.
Huawei has recently been recruiting internal testers in China to test its software in the name of ‘new features software’ testing, as one of the testers has contacted Huaweicentral.com and revealed some of the key feature details of that software on condition of anonymity.
Huawei Chairman Liang Hua said the company still prefers Android over its self-developed OS.
Recently, we’ve seen variations in Huawei’s announcement regarding its self-developed operating system, the OS that expected to replace Android in its device ecosystem but now it seems like the company is trying to hide something away from us on this matter.
Since the start of Hongmeng OS’ story, there are different statements made by the company officials that differentiate from each other on this subject and creates infinite confusion but in the midst of all of this misconception now we have got a new report that hints the company is planning launch this OS in its upcoming smart TV.
Huawei’s self-developed operating system reportedly called as Hongmeng OS is widely speculated to be a replacement of Android but this allegation has already been denied by two Huawei executives and now we have a new statement from a Huawei that also confirms the denial.
Huawei previously confirmed that Ark Compiler will be a topic of discussion at Huawei Developer Conference 2019 and today the company has dropped a hint that may create some high hope for Huawei fans waiting to see something new.
We’ve been arguing about the fact that Huawei has also developed Hongmeng OS for smartphones but the company has denied it and today we’ve got some real light on this matter.
Although top executives from Huawei has denied that they’ve not developed for Hongmeng OS for the smartphones but a new report has once again started the conversation on Android’s alternative.
August 4, 2021:
Huawei rolling out a major software update for the HarmonyOS powered devices that includes big changes in Control Panel, Service Center, Notification Center, and more. Read here
Follow the after feeds here.
Check Xiaomi Mi 6 ported with HarmonyOS [Video]
Open source HarmonyOS, OpenHarmony is making good progress in the Chinese smartphone market and its open source capability is allowing people to experiment on old non-Huawei and low specs devices, such as Xiaomi Mi 6.
An OpenHarmony developer uploaded a video on the Chinese video-sharing platform Bilibili and showed how he ported OpenHarmony onto a Mi 6 smartphone. Interestingly, the OpenHarmony boot up successfully.
The developer didn’t reveal much of the information but confirmed that the touch unit didn’t work up, while the home screen has been loaded successfully.
The developer also shared a guide to port OpenHarmony old devices.
To confirm that the ported device can be unlocked and flashed and it has a third-party recovery similar to TWRP to facilitate flashing. The OpenHarmony kernel is based on the standard Linux 5.10 kernel, and 4.19 is no longer supported. During the installation, the device needs to have the kernel source code of 5.10 or above, the developer needs to confirm that the device driver source code and firmware can be obtained, and related stuff.
In addition, to open-source HarmonyOS, Xiaomi Mi 6 phones have previously supported flashing into the Windows 11 ARM system.
Launched in 2017, Mi Phone 6 is equipped with Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 chipset, a 5.15-inch 1080p resolution, 4/6GB RAM + 64/128GB storage. It has a built-in 3350mAh battery, It supports 18W fast charging.
On the other hand, the rear dual camera has a 12-megapixel telephoto lens and a 12-megapixel wide-angle lens that supports 2x optical zoom and four-axis anti-shake. On the front end, you get an 8-megapixel camera. Additionally, Mi 6 is waterproof, has multi-function NFC, supports WeChat and Alipay fingerprint payment, and uses 2×2 dual-way WiFi for network, supports dual card dual standby.
HarmonyOS ported Xiaomi MI6 pic.twitter.com/FowoY7Qbjo
— Deng Li (@MrDengLi) February 1, 2023
These 74 Huawei devices installed HarmonyOS 3 [List]
Today, Huawei shared details about 74 devices that installed HarmonyOS 3 operating system via OTA update. On the other hand, the tech maker also shared a lineup of models that will grab this major software version in 2023.
As of January 31, 2023, Huawei has upgraded an overall 74 devices with HarmonyOS 3. This includes 62 devices with stable versions, 1 with the public beta, and 11 devices just began their closed beta journey.
HarmonyOS 3 comes with a variety of new upgrades over HarmonyOS 2. These are smart folders with new layout options, better animations, service widget stacking, and grouping capability. On the other hand, HarmonyOS 3 also enhances the device’s security and privacy sections.
Here are the devices with HarmonyOS 3:
P50, P50 Pro, P50 Pro Collector’s Edition, P50E, P50 Pocket, P50 Pocket Art Custom Edition, Mate Xs 2, Mate Xs 2 Collector’s Edition, Mate X2, Mate X2 4G, Mate X2 Collector’s Edition, Mate 40, Mate 40 Pro 4G, Mate 40 Pro, Mate 40 Pro+, Mate 40 RS Porsche Design Collector’s Edition, Mate 40 RS Porsche Design, Mate 40E, Mate 40E Pro, Mate 40E 4G, P40, P40 4G, P40 Pro, P40 Pro+, Nova 10, Nova 10 Pro, Nova 9, Nova 9 Pro, Nova 8, Nova 8 Pro 5G, Nova 8 Pro 4G, Mate 30, Mate 30 5G, Mate 30 Pro, Mate 30 Pro 5G, Mate 30 RS Porsche Design, Mate 30E Pro 5G, Mate Xs, MatePad Pro 12.6 2021, MatePad 11, MatePad Pro 10.8 2021, MatePad Pro 10.8, MatePad Pro 5G 10.8, MatePad 10.8, Smart Screen V75 Pro, Smart Screen V65 Pro, Smart Screen V98, Smart Screen V75 Super, Smart Screen V85 2021, Smart Screen V75 2021, Smart Screen V65 2021, Smart Screen V55 2021, Sound X NEW, Sound X 2021, Sound Joy, AI Speaker 2e, Nova 9 SE, Watch 3, Watch 3 Pro, Nova 7 5G, Nova 7 Pro 5G, Nova 6 and Nova 6 5G and Huawei MatePad 10.4 2022 special edition.
Active Closed Beta:
Huawei P30, P30 Pro, Mate 20, Mate 20 Pro, Mate 20 RS, Mate 20 X, Mate 20 X 5G, Nova 5 Pro, Mate X, Enjoy 50 Pro.
Below you can check all of the devices that will upgrade to HM OS 3 in 2023.
Huawei devices – Q1, 2023:
Huawei P20, Huawei nova 8 SE, Huawei P20 Pro, Huawei nova 8 SE Vitality Edition, Huawei Mate 10, Huawei nova 7 SE 5G, Huawei Mate 10 Pro, Huawei nova 7 SE 5G Lohas Edition, Huawei Mate 10 Porsche Design, Huawei nova 7 SE 5G Vitality Edition, Huawei Mate RS Porsche Design, Huawei nova 10 SE, Huawei Enjoy 50, and Huawei MatePad 10.4-inch 2022.
Huawei Watch GT 3 Pro 43mm, Huawei Watch GT 3 Pro 46mm, Huawei Watch GT 3/Porsche Design, Huawei Watch GT 3 42mm, Huawei Watch GT 3 46mm, Huawei Watch GT Runner and Huawei Watch GT 2022 Standard Edition.
Huawei devices – Q2, 2023:
Huawei Nova 6 SE, Huawei Enjoy 20 Pro 5G, Huawei Nova 5, Huawei Enjoy 20 Plus 5G, Huawei Nova 5i Pro, Huawei Enjoy Z 5G, Huawei Nova 5i, Huawei Enjoy 10S, Huawei Nova 5z, Huawei Enjoy 10 Plus, Huawei Nova 4, Huawei Enjoy 9S, Huawei Nova 4e, Huawei Maimang 9 5G, Huawei Enjoy 20 5G, Huawei Maimang 8, Huawei MatePad 10.4 inches and Huawei MatePad 5G 10.4 inches.
Honor smartphones: Q1 2023
Honor 30, Honor V30, Honor 30 Pro, Honor V30 Pro, Honor 30 Pro+, and Honor Play4 Pro.
Honor smartphones: Q2 2023
Honor 20, Honor 10, Honor 20 PRO, Honor V10, Honor V20, Honor X10, Honor V20 MOSCHINO Joint Edition, Honor X10 Max, Honor Magic 2, Honor 9X, Honor 30S, Honor 9X PRO, Honor 30 Youth Edition, Honor Play4, Honor 20S, Honor Play4T Pro, Honor 20 Youth Edition, Honor 8X, Honor 20i, Honor Play3 and Honor 10 Youth.
HarmonyOS 4 will be a new major upgrade
The anticipation is rising and HarmonyOS 4 could bring us some new user experience that we’re waiting for. Inputs coming from Weibo reveal that Huawei is working on HarmonyOS 4 and it could be the major launch version for Huawei devices.
According to the information, HarmonyOS 4 will come with major design changes and new features that will improve the user experience. Meanwhile, we’re also seeing inputs about HarmonyOS 3.1, which could debut along with the Huawei P60 series. Also, it could be taken as a major improvement version over HarmonyOS 3.0.
Therefore, HarmonyOS 4 deserves to be a major upgrade to complete the cycle.
Skipped at Last year:
At Huawei Developer Conference 2021, Huawei launched HarmonyOS 3 and began testing the developer preview. On the other hand, the tech maker launched it in public in July 2022 for smartphones. At HDC 2022, Huawei didn’t launch HarmonyOS 4, yet it unveiled various services and HarmonyOS 3.1.
The stationed launch of a second HarmonyOS version suits the motive here, because, Huawei has decided to put two operating system versions among consumers.
One will be a substantial upgrade and the second one will be major. Therefore, HarmonyOS 3.1 could be seen in the Huawei P60 series and HarmonyOS 4 in Huawei Mate 60 series, which is slated to launch in the second half of this year.
As for now, Huawei has not revealed the official details about HarmonyOS 3.1 or HarmonyOS 4’s features and user interface.
Unveiled at HDC 2019, Huawei first introduced HarmonyOS in smart screens, and then the company opened it for various platforms. By harnessing the power of shared APIs and cross-device support, HarmonyOS could provide an all-around user experience.
For example, you can connect and control all of your smart home and IoT devices right from your smartphone. Various industry partners are using HarmonyOS to build new devices and helping to grow the HarmonyOS ecosystem.