On December 28, 2020, Huawei organized a media communication conference on “Top 10 trends of Digital Trends”. Mr. Zhou Taoyuan, Huawei Vice President and President of Digital Power Line throws light on the future trends of digital power.
Pointing to carbon neutrality, Zhou said it is the top priority task across the world today. It is important to upgrade the energy infrastructure and switch from fossil energy to renewable energy.
In today’s scenario, climate change is the common cause around the world, and to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change the international community has been working together under Paris Agreement.
The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change and today more than 110 countries have committed to Carbon neutrality or to achieve not zero carbon dioxide emission by balancing CO2 emission with removal.
In the digital era of a fully connected intelligent world, energy is the foundation of digital infrastructure. So, the entire industry needs to give first priority to increase investment in digital energy infrastructure, which is the foundation of the digital world.
Huawei predicts the top 10 trends of digital power, which is presented by Dr. Fang Liangzhou, Vice President and CMO of Huawei Digital Power Product Line are:
- Power Digitalization
- Green Energy for All
- Efficient E2E Architecture
- AI Boost
- Simple and Convergent
- Autonomous Driving
- Comprehensive and Smart Energy
- Intelligent ESS
- Super-Fast Charging
- Safe and Reliable
Energy digitalization is an inevitable trend. Innovative integration of digital and energy technologies enables intelligent management of power generation, power transmission, power distribution, power storage, and power consumption, substantially improving energy efficiency.
Solar for All is mainstream, benefiting thousands of households and industries. The era of non-subsidized PV power generation is coming while Distributed Generation and Solar-storage convergence become the mainstream. Green energy can also help the ICT industry reduce carbon emissions. In the future, we will build a “zero-carbon network” and “zero-carbon data centers”. Apart from this, Huawei proposed the trend of Efficient E2E Architecture which can improve energy efficiency in terms of architecture and system.
In terms of AI, Huawei believes that AI will be widely applied to the energy field and will replace experts’ functions to enable independent system collaboration. There are several examples. Intelligent tracking scaffolds are used in PV plants, and PV detection implements unattended inspection. Data centers apply AI to adjust parameters to reduce PUE. Intelligent staggering, charging and discharging of battery based on peak-valley tariffs of electricity grids to save the electricity bill. In terms of smart electric power, big data can be used to warn about the battery status of vehicles 24 hours in advance.
“Digital Power will move towards Simple and Convergent network, including architecture convergent, simplified form and prefabricated modules. Energy devices will become compact, lightweight, and modularized.” Dr. Fang Liangzhou explained, For example; multi-power systems are integrated into a unified power system. Sites are becoming smaller and smaller, and having transitioned from indoor to Outdoor Cabinets and Outdoor to blade power supplies. And prefabricated modular construction mode is generally used for data centers.”
Apart from this, as the energy industry gradually transforms to digitalization, the traditional manual O&M mode will be changed, and the energy network O&M will achieve autonomous driving. The traditional energy systems will be changed from Silo architecture and isolated management to comprehensive smart management, achieving the goal of E2E collaboration including power generation, power distribution, and transformation as well as power consumption. In terms of energy storage, common lithium batteries will gradually evolve into an intelligent Energy Storage System (ESS), which will maximize the battery potential.
It is also worth noting that people can enjoy super-fast charging anytime anywhere. In the consumer electronics field, the charging time will be less than 10 minutes in the future. In addition, due to the evolution of the electrical architecture, electric vehicles can be charged within 10 minutes, providing the ultimate experience to users. Security and trustworthiness are also vital. Hardware reliability, software security, system resilience, security, privacy, reliability, and availability will become essential requirements.