Google is making efforts to break down the path of apps sideloading with the newest Android 13 operating system. By doing so, the company will mark a full stop on all the ways that grant access to some accessibilities services.
According to the reports, Android 13 has initiated a new move for sideloading apps. As a result, it will become difficult for the users to install the applications outside of the official Play Store. However, Google defines a big reason for taking this step.
The reason behind this Restriction:
When a user performs any task out of the legal platform, it gives rise to several risks for the system. Google explains that when an individual installs any application from an APK file, it opens the gate for various phishing attacks and malware to enter the device. Thus, it becomes very easy for spammers to hack the internal system and read confidential matters.
Users can still use Accessibility Services
Although the US manufacturer is trying to shield the privacy of its users, it hadn’t closed the access completely. Individuals still have a choice to sideload the applications. Users can enable or disable the dialog box question for the restricted apps accordingly. Further, users can activate the access in the “allow restricted settings”.
A notable point that appears here is that Google is only making restrictions over the sideloading apps with Andriod 13. However, other fields like F-Droid and Amazon Stores would not show any such prohibition while installing such stuff.
The changes in these regulations might take place in the time ahead with a stable release of Android 13. But for now, the company is strongly denying the allowance of sideloading apps. One can see this ultimate variation with the call recording applications.
Huawei becomes part of Android 13
Yes, you read it right, Huawei has become an important part of Google’s upcoming Android 13 software version. According to the details coming from Esper, Enhanced Read-Only Files System widely known as EROFS has been adopted on Android 13 as the default read-only file system.
What is Huawei EROFS:
EROFS system is designed by Huawei’s software engineer Xiang Gao and launched first with EMUI 9.1 in 2019. The initial models with this memory technology are – Huawei P30 and P30 Pro. These are the last ever Google Mobile Services (GMS) powered flagship from Huawei.
EROFS file system stands Different from other read-only file systems, it aims to be designed for flexibility, and scalability, but to be kept simple and high performance.
The system design aims to build a new file management system that improves disk performance and speed while saving disk space from unwanted occupancy. EROFS uses an improved compression mode, which pursues a different design approach than other file systems and mainly focuses on a direct approach towards file handling tasks and speed.
According to Huawei, the EROFS file system increases, random read speed on an average by 20 percent which could go up to 200 percent, while saving a huge amount of space to achieve maximum efficiency as compared to traditional EXT4 memory partition.
EROFS support allows for LZ4 decompression to happen in a place so that data decompression can be done without any memory copies. This, of course, is helping outperformance. Furthermore, we also add the compression support called z_erofs. “On kirin 980 platform, sequential read is slightly improved to 778MiB/s after the new decompression backend is used compared with Kirin 970”
Check out more about EROFS in the video linked below.
Android 13, EROFS and Huawei:
Following its introduction in EMUI 9.1, the EROFS file system was formally merged into the mainline kernel with Linux kernel v5.4. in the same year. However, the file system remained unused till mid-2022 by other Android device makers due to some Android kernel version backward compatibility issues.
Later on, Google resolved those kernel-related issues by bringing some changes to Android Kernel starting Android 12 and then formed a required base for EROFS support with the upcoming Android 13. Therefore, every Android device launching with Android 13 will surely be using EROFS as the main file system.
Huawei should use Android 13?
Huawei and Android have gone hand to hand for years and the Chinese tech firm has made many changes to evolve throughout the time. But after the events of the U.S. entity list, Huawei had to give up on adapting fully to Google Mobile Services (GMS) and Android.
Therefore, Huawei still uses Android 10 as the base of EMUI 12, which first came into action with EMUI 10 in 2019. However, we are looking forward to the consumers and their deeds to get something new.
Although, Huawei is providing plenty of new features with EMUI 12 but what do you think if the company should start using Android 13 as the base of the upcoming EMUI 13.
Android is open-source software, which means anyone can download and modify the project. Although, it may need certification to use Google’s core services such as GMS (which, Huawei cannot obtain) but the Android is still under the reach of the Chinese tech maker.
Also, Huawei is already using Android Open Source Project (AOSP) Android 10 since EMUI 10, so using the Android 13 won’t be a hassle for the firm. However, there are some speculations that might hit our theory into the proceedings.
First, Huawei cannot use the latest Android version as it may bring instability for older smartphones such as Android 13, due to hardware limitations and needs to be optimized heavily. Second, it could cripple the GMS certificate in phones that already have GMS applications.
Another one is that Huawei doesn’t want to use Android 13 because it is switching HarmonyOS as the base of EMUI sooner or later for global users.
From a consumer’s perspective, old devices have been upgrading for a long time, and devices such as Huawei P30 and Mate 20 are still running robust in users’ hands. Therefore, Huawei has seeded EMUI 12 software for them to refresh the user experience and bring them closer to the HarmonyOS user interface.
Currently, we cannot say, what’s coming next from the Chinese tech maker but we’ll have to find out more on this matter.
So, what do you think, should Huawei use Android 13 in the next EMUI version? Let us know in the poll below.
— HC Newsroom (@HCNewsroom) May 18, 2022
Why Huawei phones have no Google apps: Reason
Google apps come with a variety of services and can be found on any Android smartphone. Huawei was also in the same club but everything was changed since the events of May 2019 that lead us towards the removable of Google Mobile Services from phones launched after the above-mentioned timeline.
Time to dive into why you cannot access Google apps pre-built into new Huawei phones.
In May 2019, Huawei was included in the U.S. entity list, a special order from the U.S. commerce department. This order bans top Chinese entities including Huawei from purchasing or selling goods inside the U.S. territory. This results in the lack of access to required components to build new products such as new chipset as well as other important parts of the phone.
The follow-up event has brought in the entrance of Google, which announced to pull Google Mobile Services (GMS) certification eligibility from Huawei phones. Thereafter, new models and including Huawei Mate 30 series haven’t featured Google apps pre-installed coming out of the box.
Old Phones retained GMS:
The entire scenario has created big havoc among consumers, and many concerns generated among the consumers since then. One of them came from existing smartphone users such as P30 and Mate 20 series that were launched with GMS. However, Huawei and Google later clarified the situation that phones launched before May 2019 and packs with Google services will continue to work as usual and receive software updates on time.
Google Mobile Services (GMS):
Google Mobile Services or GMS consist of proprietary applications and application programming interface services from Google that comes pre-installed on Android devices including smartphones, tablets, and other eligible smart devices.
To fill the shoes left empty in the absence of GMS, Huawei introduced Huawei Mobile Services AKA HMS. This suite includes various new applications and empowered its own application distribution platform – AppGallery to increase the number of developers.
Since Google’s app ecosystem is so vast and powerful, Huawei is continuously improving the developer’s support so that they can develop robust apps and bring them to the AppGallery application store.
So, here we are and now you could have a better understanding of why new Huawei phones don’t come with pre-installed Google applications in them.