On September 28, 2021, Eclipse Foundation and OpenAtom Foundation announced their collaborative partnership focused on the development of OpenHarmony – an open-source project of the HarmonyOS operating system. Both foundations agree to jointly build a world, vendor-neutral, and independent open source community, allowing developers, vendors, system integrators to increase their global reach in a single and unified ecosystem.
“The open source model has clearly established itself as the best possible means for global communities to collaborate around a shared, open technology,” said Mike Milinkovich, executive director at the Eclipse Foundation. “Through our collaboration with OpenAtom, we’re hoping to leverage innovation in both Europe and China to create a global solution that everyone can leverage.”
“A unified and diversified open source community is crucial to the sustainable development of OpenHarmony. We are looking forward to making history with the Eclipse Foundation and developers around the world,” said Tao Yang, chairman of the board of directors at the OpenAtom Foundation.
What is there for the open-source world?
Several years ago, Huawei began developing a new, distributed operating system focusing on IoT devices, ranging from small earbuds to phones to TVs to cars and beyond. The goal of this new operating system was to unify a wide range of discrete physical devices into a single “super device” in order to present a significantly better user experience for IoT.
It achieved this by virtualizing the different aspects of devices, such as display, speaker, network, microphone, camera, and then dynamically integrating them across its distributed virtual bus.
This distributed operating system became Huawei’s HarmonyOS and started shipping this commercially across devices and with ecosystem partners last year.
Huawei’s goal with HarmonyOS is to enable a large ecosystem of devices —whether from Huawei or not — to be able to work together seamlessly and deliver the best user experiences. So, starting last year, Huawei also open-sourced the fundamental capabilities of HarmonyOS and contributed the resulting OpenHarmony open source project to Open Atom, China’s newly born open source foundation.
This means that OpenHarmony now is under open governance and is no longer a Huawei-controlled project. Open Atom now manages this project with other member participants, while Huawei continues to participate in the OpenHarmony project, while HarmonyOS remains Huawei’s commercial implementation of OpenHarmony and just one of a number of implementations.
That leads us to today’s announcement between Open Atom and Eclipse. To promote the global adoption and development of OpenHarmony, Eclipse and Open Atom will team up for this open source operating system, which will result in several significant milestones.
Open source projects are typically managed and developed by at most one open source foundation, if at all. To have two open source foundations come together to collaborate jointly in the development and ecosystem-building of an open source project is unprecedented.
But, the scale, diversity, and scope of the interoperable IoT devices ecosystem Huawei trying to create that will benefit tremendously from the combined strengths of Eclipse and Open Atom.
“To have two open source foundations come together to collaborate jointly in the development and ecosystem-building of an open source project is unprecedented,” said Huawei. Perhaps it is fitting that a distributed operating system requires distributed open source development.
Impact of this OpenSource Collaboration:
Open source is by its nature global. And, all the major open source projects and foundations have large presences around the world. But, challenges often occur when working across global open sources. For example, different developers may be in different time zones and speak different native languages. They may serve different markets with substantially different requirements. And they may develop their local ecosystems completely differently.
By having China-based Open Atom and Europe-based Eclipse Foundation collaborate to build OpenHarmony, Huawei can specialize in different regions while still maintaining the global nature of the open source. For example:
- As China’s only open source foundation, Open Atom can attract and build a China ecosystem for OpenHarmony better than other organizations in many ways. It can run events and community engagements locally in Mandarin at times convenient to China’s developers. It can also onboard many new Chinese companies to the open source community for the first time.
- As Europe’s largest open source foundation and one of the largest global open source foundations, Eclipse can attract and build a strong European and international ecosystem. After all, Europe has arguably taken the global leader in critical areas such as data privacy and security. Rooting OpenHarmony here will ensure that it will conform to the needs of European developers and users.
Furthermore, the Chinese tech maker expects that this partnership will help both Open Atom and Eclipse increase their global membership and influence as more companies around the world become familiar with both of these foundations.
Certainly, the most widespread open source operating system for mobile devices today is Android. Android is controlled by Google, and so Google is able to ensure the compatibility of different Android distributions through tight compatibility test suite and licensing requirements. But, there is no open way to create different, certified as compatible, full Android distributions because of Google’s centralized, commercial control.
- An open specification process.
- An open source compatibility test suite.
- Multiple OpenHarmony distributions will be fully compatible via the open specification and test suites.
In other words, this is like Android opening multiple organizations creating independent, compatible distributions:
There are two major mobile (but not IoT) operating systems today: Android and iOS. OpenHarmony has a significantly different technical scope than either of them. For example, Google and Apple both have a variety of different operating systems targeting different devices, including:
- Apple: iOS, iPadOS, tvOS, MacOS, WatchOS
- Google: Android, Chrome OS, Wear OS, Fuschia OS
OpenHarmony, though, targets all devices through its distributed nature.
Furthermore, because iOS and Android have to interact with different operating systems across different devices, they synchronize data primarily through the cloud — even when devices are a mere few centimeters apart physically. As a distributed operating system, OpenHarmony preserves data privacy and can send data locally between devices.
Huawei is designing OpenHarmony to be the most open, most ecosystem-friendly, and most secure operating system for devices:
Here’s what this new partnership means for the globe:
- Major open source organizations collaborate together rather than compete for hosting open source projects.
- Different regions around the world can specialize in their local markets while maintaining a global community.
- Different open source distributions can be both openly managed and fully compatible.
- Open innovation and security come together from the community
How to watch Huawei HDC 2021 [Livestream]
We’re just a few hours away from the Huawei Developer Conference 2021 (HDC 2021), and you can watch the entire HDC 2021 Livestream on the platforms given below.
There will be a number of new software technologies that will unveil at the event, so don’t forget to tune in on time. If you want to know more about the HDC 2021 schedule and attendees, visit the article linked below or jump directly on the HDC 2021 Livestream that starts at 07:30 BST/08:30 CEST/14:30 CST.
HDC 2021 Schedule, Keynote, and more – Read here
Breaking: U.S. approved Billions USD worth licenses to Huawei
This is quite interesting news, the U.S. has granted billions of dollars worth of licenses to Huawei from November through April to get access to U.S.-made technologies while being listed under the U.S. Entity List.
According to the document released by the U.S. Congress and seen by Reuters, Huawei has received over 113 export licenses worth 61 billion US dollars were approved for suppliers to ship products. Alongside the Chinese tech giant, the U.S. has also approved, around 188 licenses (worth 42 billion dollars to the Chinese semiconductor maker – SMIC.
The data shows that Huawei’s ratio of license approval was around 69% of the overall request for approval that has been made, while SMIC got approval for 9 out of 10 license applications.
However, the entire process is a bit complicated and there are plenty of senators and politicians that have voted to retain strict restrictions on the Chinese tech maker.
Some of them have raised their doubts on the current U.S. president – Joe Biden on his low-level policy on Huawei and why it’s continues to get exceptions in terms of accessing technologies that could expand its business.
“It is just another example of President Biden not taking the economic and security threat posed by the Chinese Communist Party seriously,” said Republican Senator Marco Rubio.
U.S. Commerce Department Statement:
The Commerce Department has been the center of this entire matter since the beginning and imposed sanctions on Huawei. The commerce department said that the release of an “arbitrary snapshot” of license approvals “risks politicizing the licensing process and misrepresenting the national security determinations” made by the government.
Heart of the matter:
In May 2019, Huawei has been placed under the U.S. entity list, which bans the company from purchasing U.S.-made technologies such as important chipsets and so on. The company has also given up on making new chipsets due to the expansion of restrictions made by the U.S. government.
However, the information regarding the current licenses has not been disclosed but there are certain licenses that have been denied in the process.
Furthermore, a previous report reveals that Of the 113 licenses approved for Huawei after U.S. Entity List, 80 were for non-sensitive goods that only required a license because the recipient was blacklisted. For SMIC, the figure was 121 of 188.
Nope! HarmonyOS is not rolling out in Europe, not currently
In the past, we’ve seen a report that mentions that the HarmonyOS operating system has begun to rollout in Europe. Actually, it’s not true and we’re here to resolve all of the doubts on this matter that have been created so far.
So, there’s a screenshot that has been spreading across the internet regarding the recent rollout of software updates for the HarmonyOS powered devices. The version is HarmonyOS 126.96.36.199, which has been recently initiated in China.
This software package comes with a bunch of new features including the cross-device task center that is now expanding for different Huawei smartphones.
Regarding the software update, is HarmonyOS 188.8.131.52 is rolling out in Europe? The answer is a clear NO!
Everyone knows that the software is currently working as a China-exclusive operating system and has not been announced nor it’s ready to adapt and work on global Huawei devices.
Chinese HarmonyOS Software Build:
However, there are also some facts that you should know regarding the screenshot that has been appeared online. First, the build version has C00E207R5P6 numbers, which is a region code and it belongs to China.
This further clears our doubts regarding the rollout of HarmonyOS in Europe and in the global markets.
HarmonyOS for Global Users:
HarmonyOS is a cross-device operating system and it’s designed to work across various platforms – smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, home devices, IoT, smart consumers, business, and smart cars as well.
Huawei has already upgraded 120 million smartphones in China with this new operating system but remained silent on its global appearance. Therefore, fans are eagerly waiting for their terms to upgrade over the new operating system.
The wait is also fueled by the long haul of any major upgrade for their device that has long been forgotten by the company and needs the nourishment of care such as a major announcement of features respectively.